1 Root Matting
Pasture roots growing horizontally rather than vertically is a sure sign of subsoil compaction. The hardened soils below deny the roots access to extra moisture and nutrients, decreasing plant survivability and losing potential growth.
2 Anaerobic Conditions
Ponding of water on the soil's surface and waterlogged, boggy soils are often a telltale sign of poor subsoil drainage. Deep ripping aeration allows for speedy drainage of excess moisture through any hard packed pans that may exist.
3 Declining Fertiliser Response
Inevitably when soils are compacted, fertiliser response drops and runoff & evaporation increase. When soil macroporosity is depleted, the fertiliser can no longer wash down into the root zone of the plants due to the relative impenetrability of the soil.
4 Low Yield Areas
Areas of productive ground that there is noticeably less yield from could be areas of compacted soils.